Fundamental Freedoms - The Charter of Rights and Freedoms
Click go to
Explore the Virtual Charter
Democratic Rights
Voting, casting ballots, voter turnout

Case Law

Harper v. Canada (Attorney General), 2004 SCC 33 (Supreme Court of Canada)
The Court decided that a law limiting spending in election advertising was justified under section 1 of the Charter. Spending limits in elections can be important to encourage fairness and help voters have confidence in the election process.

Sauvé v. Canada (Chief Electoral Officer),[2002] 3 S.C.R. 519 (Supreme Court of Canada)
People do not lose their voting rights because they are in prison.

Reference re Prov. Electoral Boundaries (Sask.), [1991] 2 S.C.R. 158. (Supreme Court of Canada)
Section 3 of the Charter guarantees effective representation. Effective representation is more than equality of voting power. It is also important to look at things like community history, community interests and minority representation.

This is general information only. To find out what the Court said in a case, refer to specific judgments. Links to Supreme Court of Canada judgments can be found in the Resources section of this Web site (see top and bottom menus).

Robert Stanfield, 1972. The only important poll is that taken by the electorate on election day.
Flash Animation
Flash Animation